IBM and Ponemon Institute are pleased to present the 2016 Cost of Data Breach: Canada, our second benchmark study on the cost of data breach incidents for companies located in Canada. The average per capita cost of data breach increased from $250 to $278 and the average total organizational cost increased from 5.32 to $6.03 million. Ponemon Institute conducted its first Cost of Data Breach study in the United States 11 years ago. Since then, we have expanded the study to include the United Kingdom, France, Australia, Italy, Japan, Germany, India, Brazil, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia and, for the first time, South Africa. Since launching the study in Canada, 45 Canadian organizations have participated in this research.